Explore Mallory Fifer's board "Huns and Hunnic culture" on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Middle Ages, Ancient Jewelry and Antique jewelry. Priscus, Ammianus, and Attila the Hun: Accounts of Barbarians in Late Antiquity . Such a notion is evident within a wide range of ancient literature, dating back as far .. stout Christian heroes, or condemn the impious inhabitants of the empire. account of those who came to be seen as the villains of later Roman history. Buy Attila the Hun [DVD] (Historical drama directed by Gareth Edwards and starring Napoleon - BBC historical drama starring Tom Burke and Rob Brydon ( Heroes & Villains) Studio: Imc Vision; DVD Release Date: 3 Sept. . Shop Online.
The most well-known among these are the monstrous Cyclopes. The picture that Homer paints here is one of a people who lack even the basic characteristics of what it is to be civilised. Indeed, upon a direct comparison it is clear to see that the language used by Ammianus carries on the concept established by Homer. For example, the following passage from the Odyssey describes the Cyclopes as we first encounter them: From there, although grieving at heart, we sailed on further and reached the land of outrageous, lawless Cyclopes, who, having placed their trust in the immortal gods, neither plant anything with their hands, nor plough, but everything grows without being sown or ploughed; wheat, barley and grapes, which bear wine, the product of grapes, and the storm of Zeus causes them to grow.
They have no marketplaces for taking counsel, nor traditional customs, but they live in hollow caves on the peaks of lofty mountains, and each makes law for his children and wives, and they have no concern for one another. But although they have the form of men, however ugly, they are so hardy in their mode of life that they have no need of fire nor of savoury food, but eat the roots of wild plants and the half-raw flesh of any kind of animal whatever, which they put between their thighs and the backs of their horses, and thus warm it a little.
They are never protected by any buildings, but they avoid these like tombs, which are set apart from everyday use. For not even a hut thatched with reed can be found among them. But roaming at large amid the mountains and woods, they learn from the cradle to endure cold, hunger, and thirst. When away from their homes they never enter a house unless compelled by extreme necessity; for they think they are not safe when staying under a roof.
It is certainly a convention within the literature of the Later Roman Empire for there to be continuity from the Classical Greek sources.
This is not only the case for the prejudices of the Roman authors, but also for the conventions of nomenclature: Many of the peoples that can be seen as active in Late Antiquity often carry the same names as those given by the Classical sources some centuries earlier.
Priscus was sent as an ambassador to the court of Attila, during which time he was able to observe and pass judgement on some measure of Hunnic society.
Having been given his task and departing from Constantinople, Priscus and his companions soon find themselves in the company of a band of Huns who are to guide them on their journey.
What is surprising in this instance is that Priscus makes absolutely no mention of their physical appearance.
Given the weight that Ammianus places on the almost inhuman appearance of the Huns, one would expect to see it also conveyed by Priscus. Instead, what we see with this group of Huns are individuals loyal to their leader, but still rational humans nonetheless.
Instead, we are told that the topic of conversation was tactfully changed so as not to cause more tension between both the groups of Huns and Romans present. Perhaps the best known section of the encounter with Attila is when Priscus and his companions are invited to participate in a banquet, which Attila himself attended.
The reader is given a fascinating insight into how such social events were organised, as well as the symbolic nature of the various aspects of the feast. What is perhaps most remarkable about 23 Goffart24 Priscus, 3. Priscus reports that while many of the Hunnic nobility dined on lavish dishes served on silver platters, as is befitting of their station, Attila himself only ate meat from a simple wooden plate. This is not done through the consumption of lavish food, or a use of expensive dinnerware, but through showing himself to be a man of prudence; dining in a simple manner, but keeping his sword at his side.
The question of why there would be such a large difference between these two authors then arises from this.
Both Priscus and Ammianus are clearly dealing with the same subject matter, and are both situated at either side of the start of the Fifth Century. However, this similar historical context does not necessarily guarantee parity in their methodologies. This link is made even more intriguing because of the rift noted by historian between Thucydides and Herodotus.
After leaving Constantinople, we are told that Priscus and his companions travelled to the town of Naissus, which they found to have been laid to waste by the Huns. To an extent, this may have been the case. Within his discussion, he notes that while the empire of the Fourth Century had been universal and uncontested its state by the mid-Fifth Century was almost completely different.
For example, Brown makes the statement that ultimately there was no widespread barbarian invasion of the empire.
Attila the Hun
After reaching Naissus, an exchange of hostages is requested so that the Roman envoys might show a gesture of good will to the Attila, and therefore aid in smooth negotiations. Priscus says that the hostages were eventually handed over, and had been treated kindly by their captors. In a similar fashion, foreign barbarians arriving in Roman territories became at least a means by which stories, especially hagiographical texts, were able to progress their plot, or to introduce a sense of danger.
Indeed, this is for understandable reasons. The gradual dismemberment of the empire at the hands of foreigners, who increasingly came to be found within the confines of the empire, had brought about a shift in the power dynamics of Europe during the period. The Vita Severini tells the tale of Saint Severinus; a previously unknown holy man who appears within the province of Noricum at some point during the latter half of the Fifth Century.
During the course of the narrative, not only are the people of Noricum witness to the many miracles that Severinus performs, but are also victims of incursions made into the empire by the peoples known as the Alemanni.
Guy Halsall presents an excellent discussion on this topic in Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West. Here he notes that the literary barbarian serves as a device which can be approached in different manners, depending on the 45 Goffart46 Halsall As barbarians can be utilised differently in literature, it would not be beyond the realms of possibility that Ammianus used the Huns to embody the wild and uncivilised heart of barbaricum.
The numbering of the six episodes that make up the series is debatable due to them being listed differently on different sources. Napoloen - Toulon Heroes and.
Heroes and Villains (TV series) - Wikipedia
The Napoleonic Code was the possibly the greatest set of laws to be used in Europe since Code of Justinian. Napoleon, one of the greatest military minds in history also a cheater at cards.
Each journal must take the editorial stance that Napoleon is either a hero or a tyrant. Must we assume that all conquerors throughout history are villains? Napoleon was a brilliant strategist using military tactics to cause fear and to defeat whatever enemies stood in his way. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the. Throughout his rule, Napoleon continually gained ground, and by the end of his reign, his empire encompassed all of Spain, Italy, and a small portion of land by Russia and Austria.
The statements at the beginning of each episode read: The French still cannot agree on whether Napoleon was a hero or a tyrant. In a opinion poll, French people were asked who was the most.
BBC One - Heroes and Villains - Episode guide
Even though he displayed characteristics that were villainous, he was the leader France needed to gain stability after the Revolution and therefore was a hero. His parents, Carlo Buonaparte and his wife Leticia Ramolino were minor nobles owning an estate in Corsica. They also called Napoleon a Corsican peasant — which, needless to say, was a mistake.